Sweden

Population10,448 million inhabitants – Administrative language: swedish
Political capital: Stockholm
Political system: Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. The Parliament (Riksdag) is the main legislative body. The country is divided into 21 counties (län in Swedish), which are further subdivided into a total of 290 municipalities (kommuner).

A member of the European Union (1995) and the Schengen area (2001), but not of the euro zone.

Brief rail characteristics:
• UIC code : 74
• Main track gauge: 1435mm
• Main electrification: 15kV AC 
• High Speed > V250 : no

Rail transport
• History of rail in Sweden
• Details of institutional organisation
Swedish rail news highlights

Notified bodies
• Regulation : Transportstyrelsen
• Security : Transportstyrelsen

Public transport
• National / local and regional authorities

The 10 top ranking cities:
• Stockholm, Göteborg, Malmö, Uppsala, Sollentuna, Vasteräs, Örebro, Linköping, Helsinborg, Jönköping

Organisation of rail transport in Sweden

Manager of the main railway network
Trafikverket (formerly Banverket from 1988 to 2010) – Transport Administration including roads, ports and airports.

Main historical railway company
Statens Järnvägar (SJ) since 1887. In 2001, SJ was divided into several different companies, all 100% owned by the Swedish state.
Since 2012, SJ AB has been a public limited company, 100% owned by the Swedish State.

Liberalisation (depends on the legal scope given to it)
International passenger traffic: Øresundståg, SJ, Snalltaget
National mainline passenger services: SJ AB, MTRX (taken over by VR), Snalltaget, Flixtrain
National regional and local passenger services: numerous regional operators, including SJ AB
Freight: Green Cargo and numerous independent operators

Mainline and international train services
Non-subsidised mainline trains: MTRX (taken over by VR), Snalltaget, Flixtrain
Subsidised long-distance trains: certain services managed by SJ AB, Vy Sverige, etc.

Alternative mainline operators
MTRX (taken over by VR), Snalltaget, Flixtrain

Local / regional train services
Subsidised regional and local trains: many regional operators, including SJ AB
Some regions operate their regional and local trains under contract and tender, in a subsidised framework, with total choice of operator.

Other local and regional operators
Numerous operators including SJ AB

Freight train services
• Green Cargo (formerly SJ Cargo) dominant
• Numerous private rail freight operators.

Alternative rail freight operators
Numerous private rail freight operators

Bus / lightrail / metro
The regions are responsible for programming, planning and supervising their public transport, as are the major cities.

Glossary of rail transport in Sweden


Infrastructure
◼ Main network manager:
• Traficverket
• 9,714km of lines
◼ Others secondary network managers:
• —
◼ Passenger stations :
• 844
◼ Companies registered:
• —
◼ Main issues:
• Tracks doubling
• Signalisation & ETCS 




Rolling stock:
◼ Authorized vehicles:
• Electric vehicles
• Autonomous vehicles
• Emu
• Dmu
• Railway cars
• Freight wagons
• Others
◼ Suppliers:
• History of the industry
• Industry today


Passenger services:
◼ Incumbent operator:
• SJ AB
• National services yesterday
• Main lines
• Transport today
• Liberalisation
• Cross-border traffic
◼ Other operators:
• MTRX (now VR Sverige)
• Snalltåget
• (Flixtrain) 
◼ Secondary operators:
• —
◼ international trafic :
• Traffic organisation
• Öresundståg
• Snalltåget
• SJ AB
◼ British operations abroad:
• SJ Norge
◼ Stations:
• 844
• History & Heritage
◼ Flow analysis:
• Main lines / local lines
• Modal shares & Economy



Freight services
◼ Industry sectors:
• Steel
• Chemical
• Intermodal
• Wood / Paper
• Others
◼ Operators:
• Green Cargo
• Others
◼ Swedish operations abroad:
• Hector Rail
◼ Infrastructure :
• little freight stations
• Marshalling yards
• Main north-south routes
• Ports
◼ Flow analysis:
• Main freight lines
• Modal share & Economy


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