Population60,699 million inhabitants – Administrative language: Italian
Political capital: Rome
Political system: Italy is a parliamentary republic headed by a head of government, the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President, and by a head of state, the President. The country is divided into 20 regions. Five of these have special autonomous status, allowing them to legislate on certain local issues.

A member of the European Union (1958), the Schengen area (1997) and the euro zone (1999).

Brief rail characteristics:
• UIC code : 83
• Main track gauge: 1,435mm
• Main electrification: 3000 V DC – 25kV AC
• High Speed > V250 : yes

Rail transport
• History of rail in Italy
• Details of institutional organisation
Italian’s rail news highlights

Notified bodies
• Regulation : Autorità di Regolazione dei Trasporti
• Security : Agenzia Nazionale per la Sicurezza delle Ferrovie – ANSFISA

Public transport
• National / local and regional authorities

The 10 top ranking cities:
• Rome, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Catania

Organisation of rail transport in Italy

Manager of the main railway network
Rete ferroviaria italiana (RFI) – company governed by public law, 100% subsidiary of the FS group

Main historical railway company
Ferrovie dello Stato (now FS Group) since 1905
Public limited company wholly owned by the Italian State – Holding company with subsidiaries

Liberalisation (depends on the legal scope given to it)
International passenger traffic: TGV InOui considered as an independent RU, Eurocity ÖBB, Intercity CFF and Nightjet in cooperation, cross-border links with local operators (TiLo,…)
National mainline passenger traffic: Trenitalia, NTV-Italo
National regional and local passenger traffic: Trenitalia and regional operators
Freight traffic: Mercitalia and numerous independent operators

Mainline and international train services
Non-subsidised mainline trains: Trenitalia, NTV-Italo, TGV InOui
Subsidised mainline trains: certain routes managed by Trenitalia

Alternative mainline operators

Local / regional train services
Subsidised regional and local trains: Trenitalia
Some regions operate their regional and local trains under contract and tender, within a subsidised framework, with total choice of operator.

Other local and regional operators
Alternative operators in local and regional traffic
Regional and local operators, including Trenitalia

Freight train services
• Mercitalia (ex FS Cargo) dominant with his subsidiary TX Logistics in Europe;
• Numerous private rail freight operators.

Alternative rail freight operators
Numerous private rail freight operators

Bus / lightrail / metro
The regions are responsible for programming, planning and supervising their public transport, as are the major cities.

Glossary of rail transport in Italy

◼ Main network manager:
• 16,829km of lines
◼ Others secondary network managers:
• —
◼ Passenger stations :
• 2,264 (FS group)
◼ Companies registered:
• —
◼ Main issues:
• High speed line
• Bridge Italy-Sicily
• Terzo Valico Genoa 
• Signalisation & ETCS

Rolling stock:
◼ Authorized vehicles:
• Electric vehicles
• Autonomous vehicles
• Emu
• Dmu
• Railway cars
• Freight wagons
• Others
◼ Suppliers:
• History of the industry
• Industry today

Passenger services:
◼ Incumbent:
• Ferrovie dello Stato
• National traffic yesterday
• Intercity concept
• Transports today
• High speed rail
• Cross-border traffic
◼ international trafic :
• Traffic organisation
◼ Stations:
• 2,264 (FS group)
• History & Heritage
◼ Flow analysis:
• Main lines / local lines
• Modal shares & Economy

Freight services
◼ Industry sectors:
• Steel
• Chemical
• Intermodal
• Wood / Paper
• Others
◼ Operators:
• Mercitalia (ex FS Cargo)
• Others
◼ Italian’s operations abroad:
• TX Logistics
• Ambrogio
◼ Infrastructure :
• little freight stations
• Marshalling yards
• Main north-south routes
• Ports
◼ Flow analysis:
• Main freight lines
• Modal share & Economy

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